Although we recognise that randomize sampling would have been a better method to remove bias, especially in deciding which faith healers to be included in the study, the lack of reliable adequate baseline data on this population made the use of such a technique largely unviable. They see me as an unbeliever, sinner and devil. And where there are equipment and personnel, the cost of mental health services is out of reach for the local population. Qual Res Psych. Mental health hospitals are few in the region. I once watched this healer on the television and I was pushed to come for treatment for my menstrual pains and I have been healed. 1996;16:58–64. The holistic treatment approach of faith healing was the main reason for seeking health service from faith healers. Four main criteria were used in the selection process: the centre being a faith healing church; being a non-church faith healing centre; being in existence for more than ten years and; being popular to the general population. Aside the religion, spirituality and culture, good personal relationships and care were also recounted by the participants to account for the positive attitudes toward faith healers. The users of these centres mostly got to know of them through friends, relatives and the mass media. Thus, there is a burgeoning research interest and recognition to explore, the effectiveness of faith healing by researchers and health care providers. Reconsider travel to Nigeria due to COVID-19, crime, terrorism, civil unrest, kidnapping, and maritime crime.Some areas have increased risk. Based on the Ghana Health Service Ethics Review Committee: Standard Operating Procedures 2015, ethics approval of the study was waived. It was inferred from the accounts of the participants that most health care professionals treat their clients with disdain and sheer disrespect. Patients all over the world seek the services of faith healers for all kinds of ailments including social and psychological issues. Evidence from Ghana. I must attest to the fact that my health status was not good when I was using orthodox medicines for disease treatment. There was a country called the Giant of Africa, Dissolution of marriage over witchcraft and customary court: Media hype and extortion in Ibadan, A precedent lesson for NDC MP for Assin North Constituency. So, I see the leader of this prayer camp as a faith healer because he uses prayer and fasting to heal many diseases. Lancet. Cancellation of Crossover-Night-Illuminati Arrests Winners, Dr Bawumia to lead the NPP; Northerners & Zongos are watchin, Don't Sit Down to Allow the History of 31st December 1981 to, Revealing: Joseph Anokye, the Architect of Election results. Patients’ satisfaction in primary health care: a literature review. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company; 1967. Users of traditional faith healers service explained that society mostly stigmatised and victimised them for not using formal healthcare services but rather opted for Traditional faith healing modality: Many people in my neighbourhood do not want to come close to me because I visit spiritualists on health issues. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 3 Travel Health Notice for Nigeria due to COVID-19. Another Christian faith user also emphasized that: My religious belief teaches me to have more respect for my leader who is leading me to heaven than any other person. Second, aside the relatively numerous healthcare facilities and professionals, spiritual and faith healing modalities are currently widespread. J Trad Complement Med. Cultural competence is the ability of health providers and organizations to deliver health care services that meet the cultural, social, and religious nee … Texas Health, based in Arlington, is one of the nation’s largest faith-based, nonprofit health systems. This study examined the attitudes and health perceptions of faith healing users in urban Ghana. Furthermore, the limited knowledge about the attitudes and health perceptions of faith healing tends to limit the policy adoption and implementation in regulation to  faith healing practices. Complementary and alternative medicine in the management of hypertension in an urban Nigerian community. However, at the Islamic faith healing centre, we observed that healers were assisting patients in curing health problems mostly through the prescription of traditional herbal medicines. By implication, participants were of the belief that certain diseases have strong spiritual connections. Tentative themes developed from the analytical process were: Users’ knowledge and sources of awareness of faith healing; time of consult of faith healers; users’ attitudes towards faith healers; health perception of faith healing users; perceived effectiveness of faith healing; perceived safety of faith healing; and challenges of faith healing use. The unanimous perceived effectiveness of faith healing modality was noticed to be stemmed from the belief that most sickness emanated from spiritual realm and faith healing modality is the effective curer of spiritually-motivated diseases. One Traditional faith healer also explained that: My brother….I must tell you that faith really heals, in fact, no drug in this world heals more than faith. At times some diseases are not natural but originate from various external sources such as witchcraft, ancestors and curse which need to be tackled through spiritual means. Christianity - Christianity - Church and social welfare: The Christian church has responded to the matter of human illness both by caring for and healing the sick and by expressing concern for them. One Christian faith user expressed that: I think faith healing is using your faith through prayers, fasting and other materials such as holy water, oil and ointment basically upon the instructions of your Christian leader to cure or prevent diseases. ABORIGINAL FAITH COMMUNITY Beliefs Aboriginal peoples of Canada do not comprise a single monolithic cultural group but are represented by over 50 cultural language Themes were compared with the responses to identify common trends, similarities and contrasts. Religion and Health: exploration of attitudes and health perceptions of faith healing users in urban Ghana. Because, the prayer and the ointment do not heal one sickness but many sickness. The practices of faith healing in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of a plethora of health issues is pre-historic and dates back into antiquity in many countries [1,2,3].]. Various reasons were reported by the study participants to account for the users’ good attitude towards faith healers. The study revealed that stigmatization and victimisation were the main challenges of using faith healing services. As was the case in Uganda, the police should arrest faith healing pastors/imams and close down their churches and healing centers. As the case in Uganda has shown, evangelical churches are filling the personnel and infrastructural gap in the mental health sector in ways that leave much to be desired. These provide a diversity of healing choices at the disposal of the community members for their health care requirements in the Metropolis. I see this form of treatment to be holistic. Thus, more people are also likely to get to know about faith healers and thereby use their services for healthcare. CDC/ATSDR Forum: Engaging Faith Communities as Partners in Improving Community Health (pp. 2016;2:1209995. The system includes Texas Health Physicians Group and hospitals under the banners of Texas Health Presbyterian, Texas Health Arlington Memorial, Texas Health Harris Methodist and Texas Health Huguley. Campion J, Bhugra D. Religious and indigenous treatment of mental illness in South India – a descriptive study. Going forward, I think faith healing modality should be integrated into the mainstream healthcare system for coexistence. Whitney F. How do religion and belief systems influence traditional medicine and health care in Madagascar? Cookies policy. They also have time to listen to our complaints, devote time to teach us and explain spiritual events to us. Faith healing in a north Indian city. Other specific inclusion criteria were: age 18 years or older as people contribute to national decision and policy discussion at this age, at the premises as of the time of the interview and self-reported knowledge regarding some levels of time of consult, effectiveness and challenges of faith healing and the knowledge of diagnosis and treatment/management of health issues. Most of the study participants perceived their health status to be very good and attributed it to the use of faith healing. The opening question asked users to provide details of their experience about faith healing practice. The greatest proportion of study participants were in the age group 30–39 years (26). Browse staff picks, author features, and more. 2012;278730:33. https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/278730. Peltzer G, Khoza H. Attitudes and knowledge of nurse practitioners towards traditional healing, faith healing and complementary medicine in the Northern Province of South Africa. An in-depth interview was the tool for data collection. On the part of the Islamic and Traditional faiths users, the decision to consult faith firstly before seeking treatment at the hospital was premised two main factors: respect for their leaders, who are mostly the healers and the belief that faith heals. California Privacy Statement, Ameade EPK, Amalba A, Helegbe GK, Mohammed BS. Koenig HG. Importantly, the present study also revealed the health perception or perceived health status of faith healing users. Due to this positive and good attitude, most of the study participants chose to visit faith healers frequently more than formal hospitals. Specifically, at the Christian centres, we observed that, aside the reassurance of faith through prayers and fasting, patients were offered ‘holy’ oil and water by the leaders who were themselves healers to be applied at the parts of their body they were suffering from. Safety of faith healing. Dissolution of marriage over witchcraft and customary court: Media hype and extortion in I... Blasphemy: Ganduje and Continued Detention of Mubarak Bala in Kano, Republic of Suprano and Police Brutality in Akwa Ibom: Ten Years After, Mubarak Bala And Rage of Intolerant Islam in Nigeria, AFAW welcomes closure of Faith Healing Church in Uganda, Catch up on the latest news videos from around the world. In-depth interviews were used to generate data and an interview-guide developed to ensure that similar themes and questions were covered in each discussion and interview. It was found that preponderance of the study participants perceived their health status as good. Why, if faith healers have the power to heal, do they not walk the halls of the hospitals healing everyone and releasing them all? On the curing, we observed several things that go through the process from the centres. However, this could be more so when the family, neighbours and the community in which the user finds his or herself have a positive attitude and perception toward faith healing. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand; 2008. Wardwell WI. Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, Prince Peprah, Prince Osei-Wusu Adjei, Williams Agyemang-Duah, Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo & Josephine Nii Amon Kotei, African Population and Health Research Center, Manga Close, Off-Kirawa Road, P.O. This was captured as Razak M. Gyasi Mohammed in the original article which is now updated. 2000;132:903–10. Moreover, the proliferation of faith healing churches and centres in Ghana and the general interpretation of diseases and illness causation within a religious context [19], justify the need for this study. The rest of us are contingent, dependent, interdependent, and mortal enough to fear the next appointment with our doctor. Nevertheless, the study discovered some challenges faced by users, including stigmatisation and victimisation which are mostly associated with the use of faith healing modalities in Ghana. Here, prayer and fasting were not mostly used by the healers. I took both my daughter and her husband to this place and was told that her womb was sealed by a family member who is jealous of her marriage. Gyasi RM, Agyemang-Duah W, Mensah CM, Arthur F, Torkornoo R, Amoah PA. Such evidence regarding traditional healers’ service users’ attitude might have accounted for by the familiarity with culture bound syndromes and traditions coupled with their relationships with patients and their families [40]. Tribute to President Emeritus of Ghana President The late Jerry John Rawlings. statement and 1978;24:235–40. However, investigating the effectiveness of faith healing using scientific inquiry is controversial while there is no or limited evidence of therapeutic effectiveness of faith healing modalities such as prayer [13, 14]. In some cases, especially when the health issue becomes serious, we consult our leaders that people call them “Malams” to help us deal with the challenge like I am at this place doing. The explanations identified from the interviews were organised and presented as seven interlinking subthemes. Google Scholar. In cases where the facilities exist, there are no health experts to operate them. I must tell you that I have healed so many people with different health issues including psychiatric issues through faith. One year ago, so-called astrologers took to two television stations to tell the nation what to expect in 2020. BMC Public Health 18, 1358 (2018). J Ethnobio & Ethnomed. The mental health infrastructure is inadequate. Table 1 presents detailed characteristics of the study sample. London: Sage; 2003. p. 219–62. Furthermore, factors such as good interpersonal relationships and religious and cultural acceptance were broadly highlighted by the study participants to account for the good attitudes toward faith healers: Faith healers really command respect than medical doctors. In the quest to grow their churches and finances, many African clerics venture into faith healing. Based on these criteria, the four centres were recruited in the study comprising two Christian faith healing centres and two Islamic faith and Traditional faith healing centres respectively. Levin J. Fam Pract. 2010;182:747–52. The present study highlights several implications for policy, clinical practice and further research. Interestingly, a total of 9 participants were using all the three faith healing modalities (Christian, Islamic and Traditional faiths). The dictionary of grounded theory: strategies for qualitative research. It was noted that the faith healers owned a number of the media outlets with the purpose of projecting events of healing and other cases at their various centres. Google Scholar. Those in turn were affected by emotions, weather, the position of the stars, and faith just as much as by diet, age, activity, and environment. Atlanta: Public Health Practice Program Office; 1999. J Clin Oncol. Informed consent was obtained from the participants by agreeing orally to participate in the study. This research orientation was appropriate because it helped to avoid rigid structural paradigms, such as those in positivist research, and adopt more personal/ flexible research structures, which are receptive to capturing meanings in human interaction and make sense of what is perceived as reality. We have so many ways that diseases come to affect the human body. One Christian faith user similarly noted that: I can say my health status is very good. Generally, in public hospitals only minimal staff is available overnight in non-emergency wards. Now I can say my health status is really good compared to before using faith healing. As a result, we classified and organized data according to key themes, concepts and emergent categories. In this case, various studies have been conducted on some aspects of faith healing modalities [4, 5, 27,28,29,30]. Curationis. 2006;3(2):77–101. Sheppard BV, Zambrana RE, O’Malley AS. Intern J Soc Psych. I see both us faith healing. What is the real motivation of Mahama’s petition? They have no business with mental health work. Correspondence to The healers were first asked to provide a general description of their services. The mayor noted that this is day 297 of the activation of the Palm Beach County EOC. In addition, participants who were once admitted at formal healthcare facilities before visiting faith healers considered their recovery process as faster compared to when they were at the formal health care facilities. Either physical or spiritual and at times combination of both. Audio records were transcribed into both “Twi” dialect and English language of which those with “Twi” were later translated into English by all the authors individually, and cross checked with the audio records and handwritten field notes to ensure validity, reliability and quality control. Our study participants were assigned pseudonyms. 2001;7294:1115–7. The demand for faith healing services in both developed and developing countries continues to escalate. 50 hospitals and 13 Dispensaries are under the control of this Directorate. Wallis C. Faith and healing: can prayer, faith and spirituality really improve your physical health? The study noted that faith users acquired information and knowledge about faith healers mainly through recommendations by friends, relatives and the mass media (both print and electronic). Though they do not physically see the ancestors who are believed to be the healers unlike Christian faith users who mostly have direct contact with the healers, traditional faith healing users believe that the ancestors hear, listen and act upon their requests accordingly, after performing the needed rites: To me, faith healing is believing in our ancestors that they can heal, after pouring of libation and performing other rites. Kale R. Traditional healers in South Africa: a parallel health care system. Levin J, Taylor RJ, Chatters LM. We prayed, fasted and applied certain oil and instructions given by the healer, now they have two kids. It was observed that most of the participants who were recruited at the faith healing centres visited do not worship at these centres, however, they were at the centres purposively for some particular problems including health. Checklists for improving rigour in qualitative research: a case of the tail wagging the dog? Kar N. Resort to faith-healing practices in the pathway to care for mental illness: a study on psychiatric inpatients in Orissa. I do so for the purpose of ascertaining the origin of the sickness, it be natural or spiritually-motivated. Nevertheless, the study findings proved that most of users have strong believe in the potency of faith healing modality. J Nat Med Assoc. Moreover, since this study was conducted among those who were seeking treatment in the faith healing centres, they were a-priori likely to have positive attitude towards the services provided. It is about time people understand people’s choice of healing. This finding implies that most users often experienced positive improvements in their health status after they had visited and taken the prescriptions by the healer. The practices of faith healing in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of a plethora of health issues is pre-historic and dates back into antiquity in many countries [1,2,3]. It was established in this study that that faith users show positive and good attitudes to the healers. Privacy Although faith clinicians seem to be filling the gaps in the health sector, they are making the health situation worse because faith healers lack the capacity and competence to deliver effective health care services. British Med J. However, readers can relate the study findings to their settings based on local knowledge. Also, the measures were derived from self-reports of participants of the prior 12-month experiences of faith healing use without recourse to official records or medical diagnosis. Independent study project (ISP) collection. I just pray and believe that I would be healed. In fact, I have been here for only about a week but I have seen a significant improvement in my health. Biom J. Guba EG, Lincoln YS. More importantly, the recent times have seen a growing utilisation pattern of faith healing services for curative purposes and health promotion particularly in the sub-Saharan Africa region [4, 5]. Some of the participants mentioned that faith healers serve as their source of spiritual knowledge and interpretation. Rev Reli Res. As a result, faith healers are recognised by users as the 'first port of call' for disease curing, management and prevention of ill-health. Spirituality, customs, religious and personal beliefs and philosophies—are the pulling factors of faith healing utilisation. Governments should devise innovative ways of stopping the brain drain and address factors that make African health workers migrate to work in the West. Evangelical churches, as well as Islamic centers across Africa, operate faith clinics, prayer camps where they claim to provide healing services for persons with all diseases, including cancer, HIV/AIDS, and even COVID-19. Soc Sci & Med. The author has 353 publications published on Modern Ghana.Column: LeoIgwe, Disclaimer: "The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of Modern Ghana. [27] in America that most users of faith healing services perceived their health status to be good. The history of recovered people as wounded healers: I. The study found among other things that faith healers have the utmost respect of the users and vice versa: Faith healers are everything to my family. The importance of traditional healers in the planning of rural healthcare delivery in Ghana: the case of bone-setting services in Loagri and Wungu. Personally, I see faith healing as safe and effective. 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Religion, spirituality, customs, religious and cultural acceptance of faith.. Our Terms and conditions, California Privacy Statement, Privacy Statement and Cookies policy establish that healers..., similarities and contrasts table 1 presents detailed characteristics of the study participants perceived health! Author in PubMed Google Scholar belief that certain diseases have strong spiritual connections world seek the services of healing. Reasons were reported by the study observed that, doctors found no problem with her faith healers in hospitals the of... Of Traditional faith users, the study has provided the first qualitative study to enrich understanding on attitudes and perceptions... Important area but remains neglected in the potency of faith healing modality study has the... Or not-for-profit sectors: ritchie J, Bhugra D. religious and cultural characteristics the... Issued a Level 3 travel health Notice for Nigeria due to this place because my friend was healed the... 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